Penicillin Changed the World


It is an accepted fact that the work of Alexander Fleming in the discovery of Penicillin changed the world.

Alexander Fleming was born in Ayrshire on 6 August 1881, the son of a local farmer. He moved to London at the age of 13 and and went on to train as a doctor. He studied hard and qualified with distinction in 1906. He began doing research at St Mary's Hospital Medical School at the University of London under Sir Almroth Wright, who was a pioneer in vaccine therapy. However, during the First World War Alexander was 'called up' and served in the Army Medical Corps and was "mentioned in dispatches". At the end of the war, he returned to St Mary's and continued his research work.

Alexander Fleming

Alexander Fleming


In 1928, Alexander was studying influenza, and he noticed that mould had developed accidentally on a set of culture dishes being used to grow the staphylococci germ. The mould had created a bacteria-free circle around itself. He experimented further and named the active substance "penicillin".



Antibiotics

Antibiotics


However, it was two other scientists, Australian Howard Florey and Ernst Chain (a refugee from Nazi Germany), who developed penicillin further so that it could be produced as a drug. At first, supplies of penicillin were very limited, but by the 1940s it was being mass-produced by the American drugs industry.

It was this discovery and further development of the drug that has gone on to improve the lives of millions. Yes indeed, Penicillin changed the world.

Alexander wrote numerous papers on bacteriology, immunology and chemotherapy. He was elected professor of the medical school in 1928 and emeritus professor of bacteriology at the University of London in 1948. He was elected fellow of the Royal Society in 1943 and knighted in 1944. In 1945 Fleming, Florey and Chain shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine. Fleming died on 11 March 1955.


See also the following pages:-


Prime Minister Gordon Brown - Britain's Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, was raised and educated in Kirkcaldy, Fife.
Barbara Dickson - The famous singer and actress from Dunfermline.
Andrew Carnegie - the great Philanthropist from Dunfermine made his fortune in the Steel Industry and went on to give away much of his money.
Ian Rankin - The novelist and author of the famous Inspector Rebus Books.
Jack Vettriano - the painter from Methil in Fife has reached fame with his wonderful art.
Jimmy Shand - he famous Band Leader, also from Auchtermuchty. The legend of his music lives on.
The Proclaimers - The twin brother singing duo from Auchtermuchty, who made famous the song 'if I could walk 500 miles'.


Return from Penicillin Changed the World to Famous Scots





Click the crown to go back to the top of this page


Available from Scotlands Enchanting Kindom


Contact Updates Home Page

Advertise with us!

Advertise with us!



Sign up in the form below for my Ezine/Newsletter called "Proclamation from the Kingdom" and receive a free gift - a mini Scottish recipes ebook.

Enter your
Email Address


Enter you
Name


Then

Don't worry
your e-mail address
is totally secure.
I promise to use it only
to send you
"Proclamation from the Kingdom".


Translate this page


Protected by Copyscape Online Plagiarism Software


Search this site or the web powered by FreeFind

Site search Web search